SONG OF SONGS 5:16
This is the most controversial
part of the text. When discussing the "Machamad" in verse 16 of
Chapter 5 in Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs), most of the emphasis is placed on
the first half of the verse. However, this has caused a major disregard for the
rest of the verse in Hebrew which has extremely seriously connotations when
properly translated. They may be even more serious then the usage of the name
"Muhammad" in itself. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the
Prophet Muhammad. Allow me to repost the verse in English as well as Hebrew:
"His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem."
"Chikko mamtakeem, v'chulo MUCHAMADIM, ze DODEE v'ze RA'EE, bano Yarushalaym" [Hebrew transliteration of Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs) 5:16]
Now let us break up this verse into parts and deal with each aspect separately.
1. MACHAMMADIM - From "MACHAMAD" which in this particular verse, the words "altogether lovely" was translated from mahmad (). is translated into "lovely". "Altogether" is added as a contextual reference to "v'chulo" which means "in entirety" or "absolutely". "MACHAMAD" means "desirable, praiseworthy, beautiful, etc". Though it is archaic, it is found elsewhere in the Bible to describe precious and coveted items. The fact that this "MACHAMAD" evidently may well be the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) has already been thoroughly outlined and established.
To add further weight to these argument, let us take a closer look at this four character word. The way this word is written is Hebrew is . That happens to be the EXACT same way Muhammad's name is written in Hebrew.
Now, when writing in Hebrew, there is no
difference between the word mahmad () and Muhammad (). The only difference is in
the vowels used when pronouncing this word. Hebrew is an ancient language, and
there are no vowels. It is made up of 22 consonants. In ancient times, the
reader decided on his own which vowels to add in. It was not until the 8th
century that vowels were introduced, in the form of dots and lines. However,
this has nothing to do with real Hebrew. The word mahmad () in ancient times
would most likely have been pronounced "mahamad".
According to Ben Yehuda's Hebrew-English Dictionary, is correctly pronounced "mahamad" (not mahmad) which is very close to Muhammad.
Ben Yehuda's Hebrew-English Dictionary defines "" as "lovely, coveted one, precious one, praised one". The correct way to say "praised one" in Arabic is Muhammad, so this is the same word!
As was stated before, the name Muhammad () and the word mahmad () are spelled exactly the same way in Hebrew, and both have the same meaning. The only reason they are pronounced different is because of vowels (dots and lines) introduced in the eighth century.
2. DODEE - From "DOWD" (pronounced d - long "o" - d). In this particular verse it is translated into "beloved". However, "DOWD" also means "paternal uncle", that is to mean the father's brother, in Hebrew. This complicates the verse and makes it all the more interesting. In the book of Leviticus the word "dowd" is found 5 times [10:4, 20:20 (twice in this verse), 25:49 (twice in this verse)] and used as "paternal uncle" only and not used any other way. The verse Numbers 36:11, where it is said "..were married unto their FATHER'S BROTHERS' sons", the word used is "DOWD". There are many other examples where "DOWD" is used as "paternal uncle" (father's brother) and not "beloved".
3. RA'EE - From "RAY'AA" which is translated in this particular verse into "friend". However, "RA'YAA" in Hebrew means "co-worker in same area, field or margin". It is translated as "neighbor" 102 times in the Old Testament. Actually, it is translated as "neighbor" more than any other definition in the Old Testament. It is used to mean one member of the same organization or group. In chapter 11 of Genesis it is used in reference to the group of builders raising the Tower of Babel. Co-workers, comrades, etc. would all be considered "RAY'AA".
Thus, if the "MACHAMAD" in this verse 5:16 of Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs) is a mere reference to some love sick girl's object of desire why is this "MACHAMAD" called the girl's "PATERNAL UNCLE" as well as "COMRADE" or "CO-WORKER"? If a girl was merely describing her obsession why would she use such utterly unromantic terms such as these which allude to a male co-worker who is possibly a paternal uncle?
The Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon him) was a direct descendant from Ishmael (peace be upon him) who is the paternal uncle of the Nation of Israel who are descended from Ishmael's younger brother, Isaac (peace be upon him). Thus, calling an Arab a paternal uncle would not be an erroneous idiom at all.
The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon him) came with the same message as the Israelite prophets such as Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, David and Solomon (among others). Thus, he would have been a "RA'YAA" of the Prophets. Not using the shallow definition of "friend" but the true and proper definition as it is found 102 times in the Bible as "neighbor".
So the correct translation would be:
"His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is MUHAMMAD. This is my (paternal) UNCLE, and this is my COMRADE, O daughters of Jerusalem." [Correct translation of Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs) 5:16]
This is definitely not erroneous if weighed against any work of scholarship regarding the Hebrew language. There are many, many, serious implications when these outlined words are taken in context as they were understood based upon the Bible's own usage in its other books.
"Abu Musa al Ash`ari reported that Allah's Messenger (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) mentioned many names of his and said, 'I AM MUHAMMAD, AHMAD. Muqaffi, Hashir, the Prophet of Repentance, and the Prophet of Mercy." [Saheeh Muslim, 30:5813]
Note: Haggai 2:7 states "And I will shake all nations, AND THE DESIRE OF ALL NATIONS SHALL COME: and I will fill this house with glory saith the Lord of hosts."
In the Hebrew text it says "CHMD" pronounceable as "ACHMAD" (which is "AHMAD" in Arabic) in the place of "desire of all nations". Thus, the translation would be, "And I will shake all nations, AND AHMAD SHALL COME: and I will fill this house with glory saith the Lord of hosts."
Immediately after that, Haggai 2:9 says "The glory of this latter house shall be greater than the former: and in this place will I give PEACE, saith the Lord of hosts."
So which latter house? Since the last temple was destroyed by the Romans there has been no Jewish temple rebuilt there. There only stands the Dome of the Rock and Masjid al-Aqsa which is certainly a place of "Peace" or Islam.
"...and never have I seen anyone more handsome than Allah's Apostle (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)." [Saheeh Muslim, 30:5770]
"Describing the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him), who passed by her tent on his journey of migration, Umm Ma'bad Al-Khuza'iyah said to her husband,
'He was innocently bright and had broad countenance. His manners were fine. Neither was his belly bulging out nor was his head deprived of hair. He had black attractive eyes finely arched by continuous eyebrows. His hair glossy and black, inclined to curl, he wore long. His voice was extremely commanding. His head was large, well formed and set on a slender neck. His expression was pensive and contemplative, serene and sublime. The stranger was fascinated from the distance, but no sooner he became intimate with him than this fascination was changed into attachment and respect. His expression was very sweet and distinct. His speech was well set and free from the use of superfluous words, as if it were a rosary of beads. His stature was neither too high nor too small to look repulsive. He was a twig amongst the two, singularly bright and fresh. He was always surrounded by his Companions. Whenever he uttered something, the listeners would hear him with rapt attention and whenever he issued any command, they vied with each other in carrying it out. He was a master and a commander. His utterances were marked by truth and sincerity, free from all kinds of falsehoods and lies." [Zad al Ma`ad 2:45]
If Songs 5:10-16 is discussing a man to come after that time, it is without a doubt Song of Muhammad (peace be upon him), as it not only describes him but also mentions his name. As I have shown, it is obviously not "reading into the text what they wish was there" that Muhammad is in the Bible. It is quite evidently there. Even if one chooses not to accept it, one must maintain that this is definitely not an absurd issue from any perspective. To say that all these people who described the Prophet (the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) read Song of Songs in the Old Testament and may plotted to make the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sound like this "Machamad" in Song of Songs is outright ridiculous. Then one would also have to say that the plot predated even the Prophet's (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) birth as the name "Muhammad" was given to him by his parents whom I seriously doubt were in on the conspiracy while these companions were babies at the time, as one can see such vain skepticism delves into the area of folly and imbecility.
These verses may or may not refer to the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) of Mecca and Medina who preached Islam in the 7th century AD and led to a quarter of humanity calling themselves "Muslims". We may never know for sure. However, this evidence is far from dismissed or even dismissable. It can't be ignored. If the objective reader weighs the evidence, I know, and you all know as well, there is some serious consternation at hand for the skeptic. Any Christian surely should take into account what they had just read here, and consider the Qur'an before making a decision.